UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi 2023: A Comprehensive Guide

Delve into the world of UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi 2023 through this informative article. Despite the introduction of pattern changes in the UPSC Prelims exam back in 2011, the syllabus has remained consistent. Aspirants should also note that the conducting body has already announced the exam date for the upcoming UPSC recruitment, with the prelims set for May 28, 2023. This provides candidates with a valuable timeline to structure their exam preparations effectively.
The UPSC Prelims, commonly known as UPSC Prelims or IAS Prelims, serves as the initial screening stage of the highly anticipated Civil Services Exam, organized annually by the Union Public Service Commission. Understanding the significance of this stage is crucial for aspiring candidates seeking a career in the civil services.
Prepare yourself for success by exploring the detailed UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi 2023, ensuring you are well-equipped to tackle the challenges of the exam.
It is crucial to comprehend the content of the UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi, and this article provides a detailed explanation.

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UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi

The UPSC Syllabus PDF is categorized into two main sections:

  1. General Studies Paper I
  2. CSAT or General Studies Paper-II

These two components form the essential elements of the UPSC Syllabus in PDF format.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus

The General Studies Paper-II in UPSC Prelims is commonly known as CSAT, which stands for Civil Services Aptitude Test. Since its introduction, the CSAT exam has been surrounded by controversy. Some candidates have claimed that CSAT exhibits negative bias against them. In 2014-2015, CSAT was designated as a ‘Qualifying Exam’ with a pass criteria of 33%. The GS II or CSAT section aims to assess the analytical abilities of aspiring IAS candidates.

UPSC Syllabus

What is UPSC Syllabus for GS I?

To excel in the UPSC Prelims General Studies Paper I, it is essential to comprehend the wide-ranging topics it covers. The syllabus aims to assess candidates’ knowledge and understanding in various domains. Here are the key areas included:

  1. Current events of national and international importance: Stay updated with the latest happenings across the globe to tackle questions related to significant events and their implications.
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement: Delve into the rich tapestry of India’s history, including its ancient civilizations, freedom struggle, and the role of prominent personalities.
  3. Indian and World Geography: Develop a comprehensive understanding of the physical, social, and economic aspects of India’s geography, as well as gain insights into global geography.
  4. Indian Polity and Governance: Familiarize yourself with the Indian Constitution, political system, governance structures, Panchayati Raj institutions, public policies, and issues concerning rights.
  5. Economic and Social Development: Grasp the concepts of sustainable development, poverty alleviation, inclusion, demographic trends, and social sector initiatives aimed at fostering equitable growth.
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change: Acquire a broad understanding of environmental concepts, biodiversity conservation, and the impacts of climate change, without requiring specialized knowledge in these areas.
  7. General Science: Develop a foundational understanding of various scientific phenomena, principles, and their applications across different domains.

By thoroughly exploring these topics, candidates can navigate the UPSC Prelims General Studies Paper I with confidence and enhance their chances of success.

Current Affairs Syllabus

Over the years, there has been a notable rise in the emphasis on dynamic questions in both UPSC Prelims and Mains examinations. Even subjects like Polity, traditionally considered static, now feature an increasing number of questions that are linked to recent issues or topics making headlines. Furthermore, the Indian Economy and Environment sections of the UPSC Prelims Syllabus predominantly focus on current affairs.
To effectively prepare for current affairs, it is recommended to refer to the following valuable sources:

  1. Yojana Magazine and Kurukshetra Magazine
  2. Economic and Political Weekly
  3. Press Information Bureau Releases (PIB)
  4. Prominent newspapers such as The Hindu and The Indian Express

These sources serve as essential references for staying updated with the latest developments and gaining a comprehensive understanding of current affairs in the context of the UPSC examinations.

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi – History of India and Indian National Movement

The UPSC Prelims GS 1 syllabus highlights the inclusion of questions related to the “History of India and Indian National Movement.” This is a broad category, and candidates preparing for History as per the UPSC Prelims syllabus can adopt a strategic approach of “divide and conquer” to enhance their preparation.
By employing the “divide and conquer” method, aspirants can break down the vast subject of History into smaller, manageable portions. This approach involves categorizing historical events, periods, and movements to facilitate a more systematic and focused study. It allows candidates to allocate their time and resources efficiently, ensuring comprehensive coverage of the syllabus and effective retention of key historical facts and concepts.

Ancient History of India

The UPSC Prelims GS 1 syllabus encompasses various topics related to the history of India. Here is a fresh presentation of the syllabus:

  1. Prehistoric cultures in India
  2. Indus Valley Civilization: Origins, phases, society, economy, culture, and contacts with other cultures; factors leading to decline.
  3. Geographical distribution and characteristics of pastoral and farming societies.
  4. Vedic society: Vedic texts, transition from Rigvedic to later Vedic phases.
  5. Religion in Vedic society: Upanishad thought, political and social organization, evolution of the Varna system, and monarchy.
  6. State formation and urbanization: From Mahajanapadas to the Nandas.
  7. Buddhism and Jainism: Factors contributing to the spread of Buddhism.
  8. The Mauryan Empire: Chandragupta, Megasthenes, Ashoka and his inscriptions, Dhamma, culture, administration, and art.
  9. Post-Mauryan society in India (200 BC – 300 AD): Evolution of Jatis (castes).
  10. The Satavahanas and state formation in the Peninsula.
  11. Sangam texts and society.
  12. Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians, Kushans, Kanishka: Contacts with the outside world.
  13. Different religions: Bhagavatism, Shaivism, Mahayana and Hinayana Buddhism, Jainism, and their impact on culture and art.
  14. The Guptas and their successors.
  15. Literature, science, arts, economy, and society during the Gupta period.
  16. Modifications in the political organization of the Gupta Empire.
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These topics provide a glimpse into the rich historical aspects covered in the UPSC Prelims GS 1 syllabus.

Medieval Indian History

  1. Early Medieval India: Unveiling the major dynasties, political structures, agrarian organization, the status of women, the Arab presence in Sind, and the rise of the Ghaznavids.
  2. Cultural Renaissance (750-1200): Delving into the religious landscape, exploring the significance of temples and monastic institutions, notable figures such as Sankaracharya, the advent of Islam and Sufism, artistic expressions, architectural marvels, literary achievements, and scientific advancements.
  3. 13th and 14th Centuries: Examining the Ghorian invasions, the reign of Slave Rulers in the Delhi Sultanate, Aladdin Khalji’s invasions and reforms, Muhammad Tughlug’s innovative measures, Firuz Tughluq’s reign and the decline of the Delhi Sultanate, urbanization, flourishing commerce, spiritual movements within Hinduism and Islam, literary masterpieces, architectural wonders, and technological transformations.
  4. The 15th and early 16th Century: Unraveling the rise of provincial dynasties, the magnificence of the Vijayanagara Empire, the reign of the Lodhis, the nascent stage of the Mughal Empire, the Sur Empire and its administrative system, the influence of monotheistic movements such as Kabir, Guru Nanak, Sikhism, the spread of regional literature, and the vibrant tapestry of art and culture.
  5. The Mughal Empire: Analyzing the enlightened policies of Akbar, the intricate Jagir and Mansab systems, the rule of Jahangir, Shahjahan, and Aurangzeb, Mughal expansion in the Deccan, religious policies, the legacy of Shivaji, the flourishing of Persian and regional literature, religious ideas as propagated by Abul Fazl and Maharashtra dharma, architectural grandeur, exquisite paintings, the economy, social stratification, and the position of women.
  6. The Decline of the Mughal Empire: Unraveling the factors behind the empire’s decline, the rise of Maratha power under the Peshwas, the impact of Afghan invasions, the emergence of regional states, the fascinating composite culture, Sawai Jai Singh’s contribution as an astronomer, and the rise of the Urdu language as a literary force.

These topics provide an overview of the historical aspects covered in the syllabus for Early Medieval India in the UPSC Prelims.

Modern India -Indian National Movement

  1. Expansion of British Dominion: Unveiling the historical tapestry through the Carnatic Wars, the Bengal Invasion, Mysore’s spirited resistance against British expansion, the three Anglo-Maratha Wars, the significant Regulating and Pitt’s India Acts, and the early establishment of the British Raj.
  2. Socio-Economic Transformations under British Rule: Delving into the economic impact of the British Raj, examining the diverse land revenue settlements such as Zamindari, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari systems, analyzing the consequences of deindustrialization, exploring the revolutionary impact of railways, the commercialization of agriculture, and the emergence of landless labor.
  3. Cultural Confluence and Societal Dynamics: Uncovering the profound encounter between Indian and Western cultures, tracing the introduction of Western education and modern ideologies, shedding light on the Indian Renaissance, exploring the trailblazing religious and social reform movements, revisiting the pre-1857 social reform events, examining the growth and influence of the Indian middle class, recognizing the transformative power of the vernacular press, and celebrating the rise of modern literature in various Indian languages.
  4. Confrontation with British Rule: Early uprisings and the reasons, nature, course, and outcome of the 1857 Revolt.
  5. Awakening of National Consciousness: Tracing the genesis of Indian freedom struggle, exploring the growth of national consciousness, the birth of associations, the historic establishment of the Indian National Congress, the moderate phase of the Congress, the vibrant Swadeshi Movement, the wave of economic nationalism, the emergence of extremism, the consequential split within the Congress, the divisive “Divide and Rule” policy, and the landmark Congress-League Pact of 1916.
  6. Gandhian Ideology and People’s Movements: Embarking on a transformative journey through the realm of Gandhian thoughts, uncovering the power of civil disobedience, the fervor of the Khilafat Movement, the resounding impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement, the indomitable spirit of the Quit India Movement, and the pivotal role played by revolutionaries, exemplified by leaders like Subhash Chandra Bose and the valorous Indian National Army, in shaping the course of the national movement.
  7. Dynamics of Political Fragmentation: Delving into the intricate landscape of Indian politics, examining the Hindu Mahasabha and Muslim League as significant players, reflecting on the events surrounding partition and independence, and unraveling the complexities of post-1945 developments that laid the foundation for a new era.
  8. Independent India till 1964: Parliamentary democracy, secularism, Jawaharlal Nehru’s vision, Non-alignment foreign policy, planned and state-controlled industrialization, and agrarian reforms.

These topics provide an overview of the historical aspects covered in the UPSC Prelims syllabus for the British Raj and the Indian Freedom Struggle.

The study of art, culture, and architecture in ancient and medieval times holds significant importance in the context of the IAS exam, even though it may not be explicitly mentioned in the UPSC Prelims syllabus. Since the history portion overlaps in both the Prelims and Mains syllabus, aspirants should take note of this and prepare accordingly. It is crucial to create comprehensive notes considering the descriptive nature of questions in the IAS Mains exam and also practice multiple-choice questions (MCQs) for the Prelims exam. By doing so, candidates can enhance their understanding and preparation for both stages of the exam.

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi–Geography

According to the UPSC Prelims Syllabus, the Geography section covers the Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of India and the World. Similar to History, Geography is a vast subject that encompasses both the Prelims and Mains syllabus. Additionally, Geography is also offered as an optional subject choice in the IAS Mains examination. It is essential for aspirants to thoroughly understand the various aspects of Geography and its interconnections with other subjects to excel in both stages of the exam.

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Outer Space:

  1. Exploration of the Solar System and Celestial Bodies
  2. Overview of the Planets in our Solar System
  3. Theories and Phenomena related to Outer Space

Earth and its Interior:

  1. Earth’s Crust: Rocks and Minerals
  2. Understanding Latitudes and Longitudes
  3. Motions of the Earth
  4. Distribution of Oceans and Continents
  5. Evolutionary Timeline of the Earth


  1. Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere
  2. Solar Radiation, Heat Balance, and Temperature Distribution
  3. Understanding Cyclones
  4. Insolation, Heat Budget, and Temperature Patterns
  5. Humidity, Precipitation, and Weather Systems
  6. Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Patterns
  7. Water Vapor in the Atmosphere and its Impact
  8. Climate Types and Vegetation across the Globe
  9. Climate Change and its Implications


  1. Oceans and the Movement of Ocean Water (Water Currents)
  2. Marine Resources and their Significance
  3. Marine Flora, Fauna, and Deposits
  4. Drainage Patterns and Landforms
  5. Water Resources and Management

Economic Geography:

  1. Types of Economic Activities
  2. Mineral and Power Resources
  3. Agriculture and its Significance
  4. Industrial Sector
  5. Human Resources and their Role

Biodiversity and Conservation:

  1. Environmental Concepts and Factors
  2. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Diversity
  3. Demography and Population Pyramids
  4. Population Growth Theories and Models
  5. Global Population Distribution, Density, and Growth
  6. Human Development Indicators
  7. Human-Environment Interactions in Tropical and Subtropical Regions
  8. Transport and Communication Networks
  9. International Trade Patterns and Trends


  1. Understanding Different Types of Pollution
  2. Impact of Pollution on the Environment
  3. Global Warming and its Consequences
  4. Global Initiatives for Combating Climate Change

Indian Geography:

  1. Physical Features of India
  2. Mountain Systems in India
  3. River Systems of India
  4. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife in India
  5. Agriculture and Cropping Patterns in India
  6. Urbanization and Population Distribution in India
  7. Economic Activities and their Significance in India
  8. Energy and Mineral Resources in India
  9. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Candidates are advised to delve deeply into these topics and explore the details, as UPSC often asks questions that focus on specific details and micro concepts. Geography concepts are rooted in scientific principles, which can be challenging for candidates with a humanities academic background to grasp.

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi – Indian Polity and Governance

As per the syllabus of UPSC Prelims, the Polity section encompasses various topics such as the Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, and more. The study of Polity involves both static and dynamic elements, with certain areas overlapping between the syllabus of UPSC Prelims and Mains. It is essential for aspirants to thoroughly understand the foundational concepts and keep themselves updated with the evolving aspects of Polity.

Indian Governance and Political System


  • Key elements and significance of the Preamble
  • Impact of the 42nd Amendment and the Swaran Singh committee

Constitution of India:

  • Overview of all articles and their significance
  • Historical background and the role of the Drafting Committee
  • Influences from other constitutions
  • Salient features of the Indian Constitution

Union and its Territory:

  • Understanding Articles 1-4 and their implications
  • State reorganization and the role of different Commissions
  • Federal nature of the Indian Union
  • Recent issues related to the Union and its Territory


  • Overview of Articles 5-11 and their provisions
  • PIO, NRI, OCI, and Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
  • Privileges for Indian citizens and foreigners
  • Citizenship Amendment Act of 2016 and recent voting-related changes

Fundamental Rights (FR):

  • Understanding Articles 12-35 and their significance
  • Focus on Articles 14-30 and Art. 32
  • Rights and privileges for Indian citizens and foreigners
  • Impact of the 44th Amendment Act, different types of Writs, and RTE

Fundamental Duties (FD):

  • Article 51A and its provisions
  • Differences between FR and FD
  • Significance, criticism, and enforcement of FDs
  • Recent issues related to FDs

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP):

  • Overview of Articles 36-51 and Article 368
  • Sources and key features of DPSP
  • Classification and conflicts with Fundamental Rights
  • Landmark cases like Keshavananda Bharathi and Golaknath


  • Understanding Articles 52-73 and their implications
  • Qualification, election, and functions of the President
  • Role and responsibilities in relation to the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers


  • Role, functions, and sessions of the Parliament
  • Unlocking the Essence of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
  • Upholding Democracy: Anti-defection Law and the Realm of Parliamentary Privileges.
  • Illuminating the Path of Legislation: Bill and Lawmaking Procedures, Budget, and the Role of Parliamentary Committees


  • Enlightening the Powers and Functions of the Supreme Court and High Courts
  • Qualification, appointment, and removal procedures
  • Recent controversies, verdicts, and constitutional provisions

State Government and Legislature:

  • Powers and functions of the Governor
  • Executive, Legislative, Financial, and Judicial powers of the state government
  • Bicameral legislatures and creation/abolition of Legislative councils

Union Territories (UT) and Special Areas:

  • Administration and jurisdiction in UTs
  • Special provisions for Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir
  • Basic understanding of the 5th and 6th Schedules
  • Recent issues related to UTs and Special Areas

Emergency Provisions:

  • National emergency, State emergency, and Financial emergency
  • Effects, implications, and the role of the President
  • Revoking emergency and its impact on Fundamental Rights and governance

State-Center and Interstate Relations:

  • Understanding Articles 262 and 263
  • Interstate and Zonal councils, inter-state trade, and recent disputes
  • Policies, schemes, and their impact on interstate relations

Panchayati Raj and Municipalities:

  • Powers, auditing, and authority of panchayats
  • 3-tier structure and the significance of the 73rd and 74th Amendments
  • Relation with Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
  • Metropolitan planning committee and urban development

Constitutional Bodies:

  • Election Commission, UPSC, SPSC, JPSC, Finance Commission
  • National Commission for SCs and STs
  • Composition, powers, functions, and removal procedures

Non-Constitutional Bodies:

  • Working and functions of non-constitutional bodies
  • Examples: National Human Rights Commission, Central Information Commission, etc.


  • Understanding Article 323A and tribunals under Article 323B
  • Recent controversies and importance of tribunals
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Special Provisions for Vulnerable Sections:

  • SCs, STs, Backward Classes, Minorities, and Anglo-Indians
  • Privileges and rights for different sections
  • Issues related to women, children, and vulnerable communities

Current Affairs:

  • Recent issues and developments across the above-mentioned categories
  • Government schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies
  • Updates on Government Bills and actions related to governance

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi – Indian Economy

Within the vast landscape of the UPSC Prelims Syllabus, a significant emphasis is placed on Economic and Social Development, encompassing a wide array of crucial aspects. These include the realms of Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, and Social Sector initiatives. While the Indian Economy portion forms an integral part of both the UPSC Prelims and Mains examinations, it’s worth noting that Economics can also be chosen as an Optional Subject for the UPSC Mains.
Navigating the UPSC Prelims journey demands a keen focus on current affairs intertwined with the Indian Economy. Grasping the fundamental concepts becomes paramount, as it lays the foundation for a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. By delving into the evolving dynamics and staying abreast of recent developments, candidates can effectively tackle the economic aspects encountered in the UPSC Prelims examination.
With unwavering determination and an analytical approach, aspiring candidates can embark on this enriching expedition, unraveling the intricate nuances of Economic and Social Development.

Key Topics in Economic and Social Development:

Economic growth and development:

  • Understanding the basic concepts and definition of Economy and Economics
  • Utilization and transfer of resources
  • Distributive effects and the balance between macro and microeconomic policies
  • Assessing the impact of economic policies on distribution
  • Differentiating between development and growth
  • Exploring various development indices such as HPI/MPI, HDI, PQLI, GEM, GDI/GII, TAI, and Green index
  • Examining sustainable development and India’s rankings in these indices


  • Defining poverty, its causes, and distribution patterns
  • Analyzing the relationship between income and calorie-based measurements of poverty
  • Assessing poverty eradication programs and their effectiveness
  • Linking poverty with resource policies
  • Addressing tribal rights and related issues
  • Focusing on livelihood missions as poverty alleviation measures


  • Understanding the concept and significance of inclusion
  • Exploring different types of inclusion
  • Highlighting recent initiatives aimed at promoting financial inclusion


  • Analyzing census data, including population distribution by gender, state, age group, socioeconomic status, caste, religion, literacy levels, etc.
  • Studying trends in human development through interstate comparisons and other indicators

Fiscal policy:

  • Defining fiscal policy and its components
  • Examining government receipts, including revenue and capital accounts
  • Analyzing tax revenue and government expenditures
  • Understanding the budgetary process and its implications

By focusing on these key topics, candidates can develop a comprehensive understanding of Economic and Social Development as per the UPSC Prelims Syllabus. It is also essential to stay updated with current affairs related to the Indian Economy and grasp the fundamental economic concepts to excel in the examination.

UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi – General Science

In the UPSC Civil Services Prelims Syllabus, candidates are advised not to devote excessive time to studying General Science from theory books, as most questions in this section are based on topics and issues covered in the news. However, for comprehensive reference, below are some focus areas to consider:


  • Big Bang theory
  • Redshift and Blueshift

Star Formation:

  • Stellar evolution
  • Life cycle of a star

Solar System Formation:

  • Nebular Theory of Laplace

Solar System:

  • Planets, including inner and outer planets


  • Internal structure
  • Atmosphere

Nuclear Science:

  • Nuclear fission
  • Types of nuclear reactors
  • India’s Three-Stage Nuclear Power Programme

Cell Biology:

  • Cell organelles in plant and animal cells


  • Carbohydrates: monosaccharides and polysaccharides
  • Proteins: amino acids and enzymes
  • Vitamins and minerals: deficiency diseases
  • Fats: healthy fats and unhealthy fats

Human Biology:

  • Animal tissues: epithelium and connective tissues
  • Human digestive system and associated glands
  • Respiratory system (NCERT General Science)
  • Endocrine glands and hormones
  • Human neural system: human brain
  • Muscular and skeletal system

Genetics and Biotechnology:

  • Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA, recombinant DNA
  • Cell cycle: mitosis and meiosis
  • Inheritance: Mendel’s laws, chromosomal theory, Human Genome Project
  • Sex determination and genetic disorders
  • Microbes in human welfare: beneficial microorganisms
  • Immunity: human immune system
  • Diseases: AIDS, cancer (causes)
  • Drugs and alcohol abuse

Plant Biology:

  • Plant parts and their functions
  • Plant kingdom: halophytes, bryophytes
  • Plants with seeds: gymnosperms and angiosperms
  • Plant tissue: simple and complex permanent tissue
  • Plant nutrition: photosynthesis, nitrogen cycle, nitrogen fixation
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction in plants

Animal Biology:

  • Classification of the animal kingdom (Animalia)
  • Classification of vertebrates (Phylum Chordata)
  • Human reproductive system


  • Genetic engineering: processes and applications

Atomic Theory:

  • Structure of an atom

Furthermore, some topics from the Prelims syllabus are also included in the UPSC Syllabus for the Mains examination. Candidates must critically analyze the topics and paper pattern comprehensively to devise an effective preparation strategy.

The depth of the syllabus for the UPSC Exam presents a significant challenge. However, the detailed Prelims syllabus mentioned above will serve as a helpful guide for candidates on their journey to join the civil services.

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